Cloutier, acquired from the Vancouver Canucks last summer and given a two-year, US$6.2 million contract extension, had a torn labrum in his hip repaired. He hasn't played since Dec. 23 when the Kings lost 7-0 to Nashville.
Cloutier, 30, ranks last in the NHL with a 3.98 goals-against average and .860 save percentage.
Mathieu Garon figured to get the bulk of the playing time with Cloutier sidelined, but he was placed on the injured list Friday because of a finger problem. Garon is 8-7-3 with a 2.80 GAA in 20 games.
The Kings, who will play Saturday at St. Louis, recalled Yutaka Fukufuji on an emergency basis from Manchester of the AHL. He is 2-0 with a 1.30 GAA in three games with the Monarchs this season.
Fukufuji became the first Japanese-born player to dress for an NHL game last month when he suited up for the Kings when they faced Dallas. He has yet to make his debut.